On 22 November 2018, the Thai Revenue Department (TRD) took another significant step towards tightening its transfer pricing compliance and enforcement regime with the release of “the Additional Revision of the Thai Revenue Code No.47 (TRC47)”.
Over the past five years, based on the Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (“BEPS”) initiatives of the OECD, many jurisdictions including the key trading partners of Thailand have introduced a series of measures to counteract transfer pricing abuse and other harmful tax practices. Although Thailand has been relatively slow to react, the passing of TRC47 is the clearest indication to date that the transfer pricing landscape in Thailand is about to undergo significant changes based on mandatory transfer pricing documentation and a strict penalty regime for non-compliance.
TRC47 provides the following five key points:
- The TRD is granted the authority to make adjustments to income and expenses for payments between related parties;
- Provides the definition of affiliated companies and the criteria thereunder;
- Establishes the reporting requirements for companies with income exceeding the threshold amount of THB 200 million (USD 6 million). These companies must submit a Transfer Pricing Disclosure Form (TPD) within 150 days from the company’s fiscal year-end;
- Directs that companies be prepared to provide the TRD with a formal transfer pricing report including documentation within 60 days of a formal request received from the TRD, which can be requested by TRD any time within five years from the submission of the TPD;
Establishes penalties of up to THB 200,000 (appx. USD 6,000) for failure to comply with TRD’s documentation requirements. While the new TP law does not require contemporaneous documentation be in place prior to the taxpayer filing the tax return, subsequently prepared documentation may not provide adequate protection against penalties in the event that the TRD disagrees with the TP methodology adopted.
Overview of the New Transfer Pricing Regime of Thailand
|Transfer Pricing Disclosure Form (TPD):||Taxpayer to disclose related party transaction when filing tax returns.|
|Level of documentation:||In compliance with OECD’s guidelines.|
|Stature of limitation on TP assessment:||5 years from the end of the tax year.|
|Deadline to submit documentation or TPR:||60 days upon request.|
|Transfer pricing penalties:||100% to 200% of tax shortfall. A further 1.5% per month surcharge may be imposed, which is capped at 100% of the tax short fall.|
|Effective Date:||1 January 2019|
With the effective date of 1 January 2019 only one month away it is recommended that taxpayers in Thailand take immediate steps to review their related party transactions to ensure adherence to transfer pricing principles and best practices. This will help to ensure efficiency in the preparation of transfer pricing documentation at the appropriate time.
Please let us know if you have any queries or if you would like additional information.
Partner and Head of Regional Tax Practice
Senior Tax Manager
The information provided here is for information purposes only and is not intended to constitute legal advice. Legal advice should be obtained from qualified legal counsel for all specific situations.