Given its historical reliance on custom and convention, the legal industry might appear unlikely to undergo a significant AI revolution. However, the era of legal technology is here. AI has the unmatched potential to revolutionise the legal field in terms of efficiency, accuracy, and accessibility. This article examines the advantages and difficulties that AI poses as it transforms the legal system.
Artificial intelligence (AI) describes computer programmes that are able to learn from their mistakes, adjust to new inputs, and carry out activities that would normally need human intelligence. These devices are capable of complicated computations, fast processing of vast volumes of data, and even simulation of human judgement. These capabilities have important ramifications in the legal domain.
Effectiveness and Accuracy:
The enhanced efficiency of AI in law is among its most obvious advantages. Legal practitioners devote a significant portion of their time to tasks such as contract analysis, document examination, and legal research. These laborious chores can be automated by AI, freeing up lawyers to concentrate on more intricate and strategic facets of their work. For example, AI-powered legal research tools can quickly scan through enormous databases of statutes, case law, and legal documents and return pertinent results in a matter of seconds. In a similar vein, AI is capable of examining contracts and other legal documents, seeing any problems and recommending changes. This improves accuracy and saves time by lowering the possibility of human error.
The possibilities of AI go beyond effectiveness and accuracy. More accessibility is another benefit that could democratise access to legal services. Legal services are too costly for many people and small enterprises. AI can assist in closing this gap. A growing number of legal tech businesses are introducing AI-powered products to help with document drafting, dispute resolution, and legal consultation. By offering more reasonably priced options to customary legal services, these tools can increase legal accessibility for a wider audience.
The Obstacles to Come:
The use of AI in law presents several difficulties even with its amazing potential. Concerns about ethics, privacy, and employment displacement are legitimate. Utilising AI creates difficult moral and legal issues. Who bears the responsibility, for example, if an AI tool gives false legal advice? How can we guarantee that the algorithms are impartial and that the data they utilise complies with privacy laws? Furthermore, concerns about job displacement are raised as AI automates more work. Lawyers to be replaced by AI? Although AI will undoubtedly automate some work, attorneys won’t likely be completely replaced by it. Rather, it is likely that the function of lawyers will change, placing more of a focus on the human, strategic, and creative parts of the legal profession—aspects that AI cannot duplicate. In terms of
RECENT POLICIES, REGULATIONS AND LAWS RELATED TO ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE ACROSS CENTRAL ASIA:
In central Asian region, we have seen a rapid development of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in the legal sector and its vast usages. On January 31,2017, five priority points for the third stage of the country’s modernization have been announced by the president of Kazakhstan. The achievement of this objective will be facilitated by the execution of the ongoing initiatives in the field of artificial intelligence. The program’s primary goal is to modernise technology more quickly. The government of Kazakhstan approved the very complex “Digital Kazakhstan” programme in 2018, with the goal of utilising digital methods to raise the standard of living for the nation’s citizens.
In terms of the smallest nation in central Asia, Tajikistan hasn’t formed a policy or regulations yet to amalgamate AI. In the year 2018, TajRupt, a non-profit organisation, placed significant emphasis on the integration of artificial intelligence (AI) within its operations. The organization’s primary objective was to establish Tajikistan as a prominent regional centre for AI research and entrepreneurship by the year 2025. The company intends to incorporate artificial intelligence (AI) technology into several sectors such as agriculture, manufacturing, financial services, healthcare, and other relevant domains.
Turkmenistan has very well-furnished intellectual property laws including Regulations of Algorithms, Electronic Computer Programs, Databases and Topographies of Integrated Circuits since 1995. The Turkmen delegation, led by the Chairman of the “Turkmendemiryollary” Agency of the Ministry of Industry and Communication of Turkmenistan, attended the third Silk Road Forum, which took place in Tbilisi on October 22–23, 2019. The forum included a wide range of topics, including the development and integration of AI. In Turkey, a few private companies, like Bilytica, offer AI solutions.
The Kyrgyz Republic unveiled the Taza Koom 2040 (“Pure Society” or “Clean Society”) project in 2017 as a “human-centered” effort to integrate new and advanced technology while transforming the nation into a digital economy with digitally literate individuals. The initiative’s two main objectives were to foster innovation and human capital development in order to establish an open and transparent state. A decree on the implementation of the “Digital Kyrgyzstan 2019-2023” concept of digital transformation was passed by the Kyrgyz government on February 15, 2019. This order lays out a five-year plan that has been approved for Sanarip Kyrgyzstan to accomplish long-term sustainable development objectives in the digital sphere, including artificial intelligence.
The legal framework for AI issues in Uzbekistan began in 2018 with the President’s Decree on Digital Economy Development. It sought to integrate Blockchain, AI, Supercomputers, and Crypto Assets. The Decree aims to facilitate the smooth integration of the above sectors into legal practise. The President of Uzbekistan has published a draught proclamation on the development of artificial intelligence in the country from 2021-2022 for opinions till July 26th. This project intends to establish a state-language online database with structured data for population access to artificial intelligence information. The course includes basic AI concepts, scope, news, short online courses in the state language, AI strategy, and an online forum for sharing innovative ideas.
Exciting days lie ahead as legal technology emerges. AI has revolutionary potential in the legal field, providing improved accessibility, accuracy, and speed. However, in order to guarantee that the advantages are realised in a morally, legally, and socially appropriate manner, it is imperative that we confront the related problems as we negotiate this new century. AI is neither a menace nor a cure-all. It’s a device. a potent instrument with the potential to completely transform the legal industry when applied properly. Legal technology is still in its infancy, so we need to take use of its benefits while carefully navigating its drawbacks. This marks the beginning of a new age in law, not only the start of legal technology.
Ammar Younas, ‘Recent Policies, Regulations and Laws Related to Artificial Intelligence across the Central Asia’ (Ssrn.comAugust 2020) <https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3664983> accessed 6 November 2023.